Continuing periodontal maintenance is necessary, this maintenance phase is a critical part of the long term success over the disease and a high percentage of patients who follow their maintenance schedule closely never have a recurrence.
The maintenance phase involves regular doctor visits to ensure that the disease remains under control as well as and detailed cleanings every three to four months to prevent recurrence and re-growth of the microorganisms which cause periodontal disease. Teeth which were affected by the disease prior to treatment are watched so that treatment can be started as quickly as possible should this disease return. Checkups can be done with a dental hygienist, the periodontist who treated the disease, or a general dentist.
With this disease under control, the patient receives a cleaning categorized as periodontal maintenance prophylaxis. The type of cleaning is similar to the regular cleaning process but periodontal patients typically have more root surface exposed which makes the process a little more complicated. These cleaning sessions usually require between 45 minutes to one hour to complete.
In addition to office visits and regular cleanings, home care in the form of regular brushing and flossing is a must. This disease often occurs simply due to poor plaque control. For this reason, the proper brushing and flossing techniques must be used at home to prevent this disease.